Herod the Great built a palace in a town on top of an isolated hill in a Galilean plain and called it Zippori, “my little bird” for its view. The Romans called it Sepphoris.
After Herod died in 4 BC it was captured by Zealots under Judas of Galilee, and recaptured and destroyed by the Romans. Herod’s son Herod Antipas rebuilt the palace and city as his capital in Galilee. There was a lot of work for local stonemasons and carpenters – Joseph and the young Jesus would have walked over daily from the village of Nazareth, four miles away. The wood has gone, but the stone remains.
Herod Antipas was subsequently present at Jesus’ trial.